Independence Day And The History Of Indian States! August 14, 2018 – Posted in: Blog – Tags: ,

With our 72nd Independence Day just around the corner, and with full-on preparations across the country, we thought this would be a good time to share with you the partition of different Indian states, the freedom fighters who fought for our country and our new collection of state pendant in gold that would be a gift or charm for any Indian who loves their own state.

In One of the most unique gifts or charms for Independence Day is the new line of gold pendants by AuGrav. This 15th of August, we are launching the new collection of pendants in gold and platinum that are designed in the shape of different states of our country.

These pendants in gold with the shape of your home state or any place of your choice, would make for a truly patriotic Independence Day. Imagine your friend or partner gets a gold pendant from you with their state map on it. Wouldn’t that be special?



 Princely States Under British Raj:

Now let us see how many princely states were reorganised to form Different Indian States. In the year 1947, India got its Independence. At that time India consisted of many small provinces and the British controlled many princely states.

The British was having administration over several Indian provinces and collectively they were called as British India. Under the leadership of Viceroy Lord Curzon, the Partition of Bengal was done on October 16th 1905. Thus Bengal was divided into East Bengal and West Bengal. The hindu majority were based in West Bengal And The Muslim majority are in the East Bengal which is current Bangladesh. In the west Punjab was seperated into East Punjab that stayed as a part of India And West Punjab that became a part of pakistan. According to Indian Independence Act 1947, the British goverment was dissolved. Then India and Pakistan became two self governing countries at midnight on 14-15 August 1947.

Meanwhile Bombay Province consisted of Bombay and Sind Provinces under it. After the partition bombay became a part of India and sind province was given to pakistan. Madhya Pradesh was formed by merging Central provinces and Berar together and Rampur, Banaras and Tehri Garhwal was merged together to form United Provinces.

In 1947, pakistan soldiers invaded Jammu Kashmir in order to annex Kashmir. It led to the first Indo Pakistan war and the indian army fought back and pushed the invaders back. In 1949 an agreement was signed by UN that gave 35% of Jammu and kashmir to the hands of pakistan and from then it has been a disputed territory. All the states were part of Indian union by 1950, and in 1956 the reorganization of states was completed.

Creation Of New Indian States – From 1951 To 2014:

1947 – Uttar Pradesh:

It is one of the most popular and famous tourist destination for Indians and non Indians. It is the most populous state in India and has a large number of historical monuments as well as religious places. In 1947, Two regions namely Oudh and Agra were United by British for improving administration and they called it United Provinces. It was later renamed as UttarPradesh in 1950.

1947 – West Bengal:

British entered into India with the Battle of Plassey and made Bengal as their administrative capital. In 1905, Bengal was partitioned into East and West Bengal but by 1911 it was reunited. The state’s cultural heritage, besides varied folk traditions, includes authors in literature, such as Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Kolkata is known as the “cultural capital of India”. West Bengal is also known for its enthusiasm for the sport of association football, as well as cricket.


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1948 – Jammu and Kashmir:

The Dogra King Maharaja Hari Singh in October 1947, signed a Instrument Of Accession to India and in 1956 Jammu Kashmir merged with Indian Union.


1950 – Assam:

The Burmese handed their territory to British in 1826 and Assam came under British control. Assam was separated from Bengal in 1874 and in 1912 it was made Assam province under British rule.


1950 – Odisha:

The British made Orissa a seperate province in 1936 and it became a state in 1950. It was renamed as Odisha in 2011.


1950 – Bihar:

In 1950, Bihar was made a seperate state and has remained a politically important state.


1950 – Tamil Nadu:

The Madras Presidency was reorganized as a state in 1950 and renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969.


1956 – Madhya Pradesh:

In 1956, India’s second largest state was formed by merging the Central Provinces and Berar under British India with Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal.


1956 – Karnataka:

All Kanada speaking regions were combined together to form Mysore province in 1956. The state was renamed as Karnataka in 1973.


1956 – Andhra Pradesh:

In 1953, after Independence all Telugu speaking regions were separated from the erstwhile Madras Presidency and formed as Andhra Pradesh. Hyderabad state was merged with Andhra Pradesh at time of reorganising the states in 1956 and the state officially came into existence. When Telangana was formed in 2014, Amravati became the new capital of Andhra Pradesh.


1960 – Gujarat:

Part of Bombay Presidency in British India, Gujarat was separated and formed as an Independent state in 1960.



2000 – Chhattisgarh :

One of the fastest developing states in the India. Chhattisgarh is rich in natural resources and it is considered as a main source of steel and electricity for the country. In fact 15% of the total steel produced in the country comes from Chhattisgarh. 16 districts from Madhya Pradesh were seperated and formed Chhattisgarh in the year 2000 with Raipur city as its capital.


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2000 – Jharkhand :

More than 40% of Indian mineral resources comes from this state.It is also known as Land Of Forests or Bushland. It got seperated from Bihar in 2000 and formed as a seperate state. It streches to the eastern part of India. Surrounded by Bihar in the north. Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh to the western side, Odisha to the southern part and West Bengal to the eastern part. Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand.


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2000 – Uttarakhand :

A large number of Hindu temples are there in Uttarakhand and there are many pilgrimage centres in the state. It is called as the Devbhumi or Land Of The Gods. The Himalayan mountains adds serene beauty to the state. Initially known as Uttaranchal, it got seperated from the state of Uttar Pradesh in 2000 with its capital as Dehradun. Later the state was renamed as Uttarakhand in 2007.


2014 – Telengana :

Separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh as the newly formed 29th state with Hyderabad as its historic permanent capital. The historic city Golconda during the Kakatiya reign was once known for the mines that have produced some of the world’s most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor, Hope Diamond, Daria-i-Noor, Regent Diamond, Nassak Diamond and Noor-ul-Ain.


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 A Tribute To Freedom Fighters:

Many freedom fighter have struggled hard for freedom of our nation. One among the great leaders of India is Sardar Vallabh bhai Patel who is considered as a Indomitable man with his vision, tact and diplomatic approach in handling things. He was instrumental in integrating 562 Princely states with the Union of India.

Back in 1947, India had many problems post Independence like Partition, communal riots and refugee crisis and vallabh bhai patel was the one who played a major role in uniting all states together.

We as citizens of this great country have so much to celebrate this Independence Day! We have the freedom to express ourselves, to celebrate each other and carve our own unique identities. As our flag flies high, with pride in our hearts, let’s commit to a better tomorrow for our  children.

Explore Your Own State Pendant Here!







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